DNS hijacking

  • This how-to describes the method for intercepting DNS traffic on OpenWrt.
  • You can combine it with VPN or DNS encryption to protect DNS traffic.
  • Override preconfigured DNS provider for LAN clients.
    • Prevent DNS leaks for LAN clients when using VPN or DNS encryption.

Configure firewall to intercept DNS traffic.

  1. Navigate to LuCI → Network → Firewall → Port Forwards.
  2. Click Add and specify:
    • Name: Intercept-DNS
    • Restrict to address family: IPv4 and IPv6
    • Protocol: TCP, UDP
    • Source zone: lan
    • External port: 53
    • Destination zone: unspecified
    • Internal IP address: any
    • Internal port: any
  3. Click Save, then Save & Apply.

Configure firewall to intercept DNS traffic.

# Intercept DNS traffic
uci -q delete firewall.dns_int
uci set firewall.dns_int="redirect"
uci set firewall.dns_int.name="Intercept-DNS"
uci set firewall.dns_int.src="lan"
uci set firewall.dns_int.src_dport="53"
uci set firewall.dns_int.proto="tcp udp"
uci set firewall.dns_int.family="any"
uci set firewall.dns_int.target="DNAT"
uci commit firewall
service firewall restart

Configure different DNS providers on the client and router. Verify the identified DNS provider only matches the router.

Collect and analyze the following information.

# Log and status
service firewall restart
 
# Runtime configuration
nft list ruleset
 
# Persistent configuration
uci show firewall

Utilize banIP to filter DoH traffic forcing LAN clients to switch to plain DNS.

Configure firewall to filter DoT traffic forcing LAN clients to switch to plain DNS.

# Filter DoT traffic
uci -q delete firewall.dot_fwd
uci set firewall.dot_fwd="rule"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.name="Deny-DoT"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.src="lan"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.dest="wan"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.dest_port="853"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.proto="tcp udp"
uci set firewall.dot_fwd.target="REJECT"
uci commit firewall
service firewall restart

Set up DNS forwarding to your local DNS server with Dnsmasq. Assuming the local DNS server is in the same subnet. Configure firewall to avoid looping.

# Configure firewall
uci set firewall.dns_int.src_mac="!11:22:33:44:55:66"
uci commit firewall
service firewall restart

Avoid using Dnsmasq. Configure firewall to redirect DNS traffic to your local DNS server. Move the local DNS server to a separate subnet to avoid masquerading.

# Configure firewall
uci set firewall.dns_int.name="Redirect-DNS"
uci set firewall.dns_int.dest_ip="192.168.2.2"
uci commit firewall
service firewall restart
 
# Configure network
uci add_list network.lan.ipaddr="192.168.2.1/24"
uci commit network
service network restart
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  • Last modified: 2023/12/08 11:17
  • by vgaetera