Opkg extras

  • This instruction extends Opkg functionality.
  • Follow the automated section for quick setup.
  • Save, restore and roll back Opkg profiles.
  • Support automatic and custom profiles.
  • Support RWM, overlay and extroot setup.
  • Identify user-removed/installed packages.
  • Restore automatically after firmware upgrade.
  • Upgrade all upgradable packages.
  • Find new configurations.
  • Wrap Opkg calls to provide a seamless invocation method.
  • Rely on UCI and backup defaults to store and manage profiles.
  • Identify package types with grep and find, and RWM with mount.
  • Support importing user-installed packages from Sysupgrade.
  • Use Hotplug to detect WAN connectivity and trigger profile restore.
  • Utilize lockfiles with lock to avoid race conditions and loops.
  • Perform reboot to apply changes after automatic profile restore.
  • Write and read non-interactive logs with Syslog for troubleshooting.
  • Fetch the default profile to restore and roll back from UCI, unless specified manually.
  • Take precedence for remove over install to avoid package conflicts while restoring profile.
  • Limit the operation scope to save time: remove installed, install missing, upgrade upgradable.
  • Process packages one by one to minimize resource consumption and avoid transaction failure.
Sub-command Description
init Initialize Opkg configuration.
uci [<prof>] < <uciprof> Import Opkg profile from stdin or file to UCI.
import [<bakprof>] Import Opkg profile from Sysupgrade backup to UCI.
save [<prof>] Save the current Opkg profile to UCI.
restore [<prof>] Restore Opkg profile:
auto or none - default profile,
rwm - RWM profile,
custom - custom profile.
rollback [<prof>] Roll back Opkg profile:
remove user-installed packages,
install user-removed packages,
skip upgraded packages.
upgr [<pkgtype>] Upgrade packages by type:
ai or none - all installed,
oi - overlay-installed.
export [<pkgtype>] Export packages by type:
ai or none - all installed,
au - all upgradable,
ri - ROM-installed,
wr - RWM-removed,
wi - RWM-installed,
or - overlay-removed,
oi - overlay-installed,
ur - user-removed,
ui - user-installed,
pr - profile-removed,
pi - profile-installed.
proc <cmd> < <pkgs> Process packages from stdin with the given sub-command.
reinstall <pkgs> Reinstall specific packages.
newconf [<path>] Find new configurations.
# Configure profile
mkdir -p /etc/profile.d
cat << "EOF" > /etc/profile.d/opkg.sh
opkg() {
local OPKG_CMD="${1}"
local OPKG_UCI="$(uci -q get opkg.defaults."${OPKG_CMD}")"
case "${OPKG_CMD}" in
|upgr|export|newconf|proc|reinstall) opkg_"${@}" ;;
(*) command opkg "${@}" ;;
opkg_init() {
uci import opkg < /dev/null
uci -q batch << EOI
set opkg.defaults='opkg'
set opkg.defaults.import='/etc/backup/installed_packages.txt'
set opkg.defaults.save='auto'
set opkg.defaults.restore='auto'
set opkg.defaults.rollback='auto'
set opkg.defaults.upgr='ai'
set opkg.defaults.export='ai'
set opkg.defaults.proc='--force-depends'
set opkg.defaults.reinstall='--force-reinstall'
set opkg.defaults.newconf='/etc'
opkg_uci() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
local OPKG_OPT="${OPKG_OPT:-auto}"
if ! uci -q get opkg > /dev/null
then opkg init
uci -q batch << EOI
delete opkg.'${OPKG_OPT}'
set opkg.'${OPKG_OPT}'='opkg'
$(sed -r -e "s/^(.*)\s(.*)$/\
del_list opkg.'${OPKG_OPT}'.'\2'='\1'\n\
add_list opkg.'${OPKG_OPT}'.'\2'='\1'/")
commit opkg
opkg_import() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
if [ -e "${OPKG_OPT}" ]
then sed -n -r -e "s/\s(overlay|unknown)$/\
\tipkg/p" "${OPKG_OPT}" \
| opkg uci auto
opkg_save() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
local OPKG_WR="$(opkg export wr)"
local OPKG_WI="$(opkg export wi)"
local OPKG_UR="$(opkg export ur)"
local OPKG_UI="$(opkg export ui)"
if uci -q get fstab.rwm > /dev/null \
&& grep -q -e "\s/rwm\s" /etc/mtab
then {
sed -e "s/$/\trpkg/" "${OPKG_WR}"
sed -e "s/$/\tipkg/" "${OPKG_WI}"
} | opkg uci rwm
sed -e "s/$/\trpkg/" "${OPKG_UR}"
sed -e "s/$/\tipkg/" "${OPKG_UI}"
} | opkg uci "${OPKG_OPT}"
rm -f "${OPKG_WR}" "${OPKG_WI}" "${OPKG_UR}" "${OPKG_UI}"
opkg_restore() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
local OPKG_AI="$(opkg export ai)"
local OPKG_PR="$(opkg export pr)"
local OPKG_PI="$(opkg export pi)"
grep -x -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_PR}" \
| opkg proc remove
grep -v -x -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_PI}" \
| opkg proc install
rm -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_PR}" "${OPKG_PI}"
opkg_rollback() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
local OPKG_UR="$(opkg export ur)"
local OPKG_UI="$(opkg export ui)"
local OPKG_PR="$(opkg export pr)"
local OPKG_PI="$(opkg export pi)"
if uci -q get opkg."${OPKG_CONF}" > /dev/null
then opkg restore "${OPKG_CONF}"
grep -v -x -f "${OPKG_PI}" "${OPKG_UI}" \
| opkg proc remove
grep -v -x -f "${OPKG_PR}" "${OPKG_UR}" \
| opkg proc install
rm -f "${OPKG_UR}" "${OPKG_UI}" "${OPKG_PR}" "${OPKG_PI}"
opkg_upgr() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
case "${OPKG_OPT}" in
(ai|oi) opkg_"${OPKG_CMD}"_type ;;
esac | opkg proc upgrade
opkg_upgr_type() {
local OPKG_AI="$(opkg export ai)"
local OPKG_OI="$(opkg export oi)"
local OPKG_AU="$(opkg export au)"
case "${OPKG_OPT::1}" in
(a) grep -x -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_AU}" ;;
(o) grep -x -f "${OPKG_OI}" "${OPKG_AU}" ;;
rm -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_OI}" "${OPKG_AU}"
opkg_export() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
local OPKG_TEMP="$(mktemp -t opkg.XXXXXX)"
case "${OPKG_OPT}" in
(ai|au) opkg_"${OPKG_CMD}"_cmd ;;
(ri|wr|wi|or|oi) opkg_"${OPKG_CMD}"_type ;;
(ur|ui) opkg_"${OPKG_CMD}"_run ;;
(pr|pi) opkg_"${OPKG_CMD}"_uci ;;
esac > "${OPKG_TEMP}"
echo "${OPKG_TEMP}"
opkg_export_cmd() {
case "${OPKG_OPT:1}" in
(i) OPKG_TYPE="installed" ;;
(u) OPKG_TYPE="upgradable" ;;
opkg list-"${OPKG_TYPE}" \
| sed -e "s/\s.*$//"
opkg_export_type() {
local OPKG_INFO="/usr/lib/opkg/info"
case "${OPKG_OPT::1}" in
(r) OPKG_INFO="/rom${OPKG_INFO}" ;;
(w) OPKG_INFO="/rwm/upper${OPKG_INFO}" ;;
(o) OPKG_INFO="/overlay/upper${OPKG_INFO}" ;;
case "${OPKG_OPT:1}" in
(r) OPKG_TYPE="c" ;;
(i) OPKG_TYPE="f" ;;
find "${OPKG_INFO}" -name "*.control" \
-type "${OPKG_TYPE}" 2> /dev/null \
| sed -e "s/^.*\///;s/\.control$//"
opkg_export_run() {
local OPKG_AI="$(opkg export ai)"
local OPKG_RI="$(opkg export ri)"
case "${OPKG_OPT:1}" in
(r) grep -v -x -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_RI}" ;;
(i) grep -v -x -f "${OPKG_RI}" "${OPKG_AI}" ;;
rm -f "${OPKG_AI}" "${OPKG_RI}"
opkg_export_uci() {
case "${OPKG_OPT:1}" in
(r) OPKG_TYPE="rpkg" ;;
(i) OPKG_TYPE="ipkg" ;;
uci -q get opkg."${OPKG_CONF}"."${OPKG_TYPE}" \
| sed -e "s/\s/\n/g"
opkg_proc() {
local OPKG_OPT="${OPKG_UCI}"
local OPKG_CMD="${1:?}"
local OPKG_PKG
while read -r OPKG_PKG
do opkg "${OPKG_CMD}" "${OPKG_PKG}" ${OPKG_OPT}
opkg_reinstall() {
local OPKG_OPT="${OPKG_UCI}"
opkg install "${@}" ${OPKG_OPT}
opkg_newconf() {
local OPKG_OPT="${1:-${OPKG_UCI}}"
find "${OPKG_OPT}" -name "*-opkg"
. /etc/profile.d/opkg.sh
# Restore packages automatically
mkdir -p /etc/hotplug.d/online
cat << "EOF" > /etc/hotplug.d/online/50-opkg-restore
if [ ! -e /etc/opkg-restore ] \
&& lock -n /var/lock/opkg-restore \
&& opkg update
then . /etc/profile.d/opkg.sh
if uci -q get fstab.rwm > /dev/null \
&& ! grep -q -e "\s/rwm\s" /etc/mtab
then opkg restore rwm 2>&1
else opkg restore 2>&1
fi | logger -t opkg
touch /etc/opkg-restore
lock -u /var/lock/opkg-restore
cat << "EOF" >> /etc/sysupgrade.conf
# Save Opkg profile
opkg save
# Restore Opkg profile
opkg update
opkg restore
# Roll back Opkg profile
opkg rollback
# Set up a custom Opkg profile
uci set opkg.defaults.restore="custom"
uci set opkg.custom="opkg"
uci add_list opkg.custom.rpkg="dnsmasq"
uci add_list opkg.custom.rpkg="ppp"
uci add_list opkg.custom.ipkg="curl"
uci add_list opkg.custom.ipkg="diffutils"
uci add_list opkg.custom.ipkg="dnsmasq-full"
uci commit opkg
# Check Opkg log
logread -e opkg
# Upgrade packages
opkg update
opkg upgr
alias uclient-fetch="uclient-fetch --no-check-certificate"
uclient-fetch -O opkg-extras.sh "https://openwrt.org/_export/code/docs/guide-user/advanced/opkg_extras?codeblock=0"
. ./opkg-extras.sh
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  • Last modified: 2021/10/14 21:56
  • by vgaetera