FriendlyARM NanoPi R5C

The NanoPi R5C (as “R5C”) is an open source platform developed by FriendlyElec for IoT applications. The R5C uses the Rockchip RK3568B2 CPU, two 2.5Gbit Ethernet ports, 2GB or 4GB LPDDR4X RAM, and 8GB or 32GB eMMC flash. It has one microSD, one M.2, two USB 3.0, and USB Type-C power delivery.

OEM Firmware & Source: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1yWLtwCesnHfoM8DG7NgJ4jZrjRSI-dQs

ImmortalWrt builds: https://firmware-selector.immortalwrt.org/?version=SNAPSHOT&target=rockchip%2Farmv8&id=friendlyarm_nanopi-r5c

Support Forum: https://forum.openwrt.org/t/nanopi-r5c-rockchip-rk3568b2-2-pcie-2-5gbps/148431/68?page=2

In-depth review: https://stupid-projects.com/posts/benchmarking-the-nanopi-r5c/

OpenWrt does not yet have official support for the R5C as it does the R4S. The custom version of OpenWrt released by FriendlyElec, which they call FriendlyWrt, does support the R5C and they post new builds frequently at the Firmware OEM link.

Download the file, decompress the image, and write it to a micro SD card using a tool like Balena Etcher. Then insert the micro SD card into the R5C, plug in power, and it'll boot the image. From there it can also be copied to the eMMC from the LuCI menu. Note FriendlyWrt uses 192.168.2.1 for their default device IP which can be changed in LuCI. Read the FriendlyElec wiki for more info on their image.

More details on → Install OpenWrt (sdcard explanation)

FIXME Find out flash layout, then add the flash layout table here (copy, paste, modify the example).

Please check out the article Flash layout. It contains examples and explanations that describe how to document the flash layout.

generic.sysupgrade

FIXME These are generic instructions. Update with your router's specifics.

  • Browse to http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/luci/mini/system/upgrade/ LuCI Upgrade URL
  • Upload image file for sysupgrade to LuCI
  • Wait for reboot

If you don't have a GUI (LuCI) available, you can alternatively upgrade via the command line. There are two command line methods for upgrading:

  • sysupgrade
  • mtd

Note: It is important that you put the firmware image into the ramdisk (/tmp) before you start flashing.

sysupgrade

  • Login as root via SSH on 192.168.1.1, then enter the following commands:
cd /tmp
wget http://downloads.openwrt.org/snapshots/trunk/XXX/xxx.abc
sysupgrade /tmp/xxx.abc

mtd

If sysupgrade does not support this router, use mtd.

  • Login as root via SSH on 192.168.1.1, then enter the following commands:
cd /tmp
wget http://downloads.openwrt.org/snapshots/trunk/XXX/xxx.abc
mtd write /tmp/xxx.abc linux && reboot

Basic configuration After flashing, proceed with this.
Set up your Internet connection, configure wireless, configure USB port, etc.

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

The default network configuration is:

Interface Name Description Default configuration
br-lan EXAMPLE LAN & WiFi EXAMPLE 192.168.1.1/24
vlan0 (eth0.0) EXAMPLE LAN ports (1 to 4) EXAMPLE None
vlan1 (eth0.1) EXAMPLE WAN port EXAMPLE DHCP
wl0 EXAMPLE WiFi EXAMPLE Disabled

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

Numbers 0-3 are Ports 1-4 as labeled on the unit, number 4 is the Internet (WAN) on the unit, 5 is the internal connection to the router itself. Don't be fooled: Port 1 on the unit is number 3 when configuring VLANs. vlan0 = eth0.0, vlan1 = eth0.1 and so on.

Port Switch port
Internet (WAN) EXAMPLE 4
LAN 1 EXAMPLE 3
LAN 2 EXAMPLE 2
LAN 3 EXAMPLE 1
LAN 4 EXAMPLE 0

hardware.button on howto use and configure the hardware button(s). Here, we merely name the buttons, so we can use them in the above Howto.

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

The FriendlyARM NanoPi R5C has the following buttons:

BUTTON Event
EXAMPLE Reset reset
EXAMPLE Secure Easy Setup ses
EXAMPLE No buttons at all. -

Main PCB:
NanoPi R5C PCB

port.serial general information about the serial port, serial port cable, etc.

Header next to LAN/ USB-C
1500000bps, 8N1, 3.3V level signals
Pin1: GND
Pin2: TX
Pin3: RX

port.jtag general information about the JTAG port, JTAG cable, etc.

How to connect to the JTAG Port of this specific device:
Insert photo of PCB with markings for JTAG port

None so far.

COPY HERE THE BOOTLOG WITH THE ORIGINAL FIRMWARE


COPY HERE THE BOOTLOG ONCE OPENWRT IS INSTALLED AND RUNNING


1. See FriendlyElec wiki for more info.

2. NanoPi line of devices with multiple 1G/2.5G ethernet ports: friendlyarm_nanopi_r4s, friendlyarm_nanopi_r5c, friendlyarm_nanopi_r6s

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  • Last modified: 2024/02/12 11:13
  • by 127.0.0.1