Ubiquiti PicoStation M2

This device is NOT RECOMMENDED for future use with OpenWrt due to low flash/ram.
DO NOT BUY DEVICES WITH 4MB FLASH / 32MB RAM if you intend to flash an up-to-date and secure OpenWrt version onto it! See 4/32 warning for details.

1) This device does not have sufficient resources (flash and/or RAM) to provide secure and reliable operation.
This means that even setting a password or changing simple network settings might not be possible any more, rendering the device effectively useless. See OpenWrt on 4/32 devices what you can do now.

2) OpenWrt support for this device has ended in 2022.
19.07.10 was the last official build for 4/32 devices.

Install OpenWrt (generic explanation)

Picostation M2 device uses Bullet M2 firmware image

:!: WARNING :!:

airOS firmware versions >5.6 have a new bootloader with an incompatible partition table!

If you install OpenWrt over these versions, all will seem well, but your configs will not persist after reboot.

To avoid this issue:

  • reset Picostation
  • install the latest version of airOS XM 5.6.3
  • then downgrade to airOS XM 5.5.11 through the airOS web GUI
  • reset Picostation
  • tftp your openwrt bin

If you do not do this, and instead attempt to install openwrt over the top of airOS >5.6 and then, realising your mistake, attempt to downgrade to ≤ 5.5, you will find your device soft-bricked, stuck in a boot loop. This is because the TFTP flashing procedure does not overwrite the bootloader, leaving you with a 5.6 bootloader trying to load a 5.5 firmware, which wont work. Attempts to TFTP other openwrt versions at this point will simply be rejected by the tftp server.

If you find yourself in this situation, you will need to access the serial console using a TTY cable as described here: https://community.ubnt.com/t5/airOS-SDK-Custom-Development/AirMAX-Device-Firmware-Recovery-Procedure/td-p/1499583

The above url details a procedure which can be carried out using the tty console which will allow reflashing the entire image, including the bootloader.

The instructions are mirrored here in case the ubnt forum disappears: http://pastebin.com/raw/FLjgY074

More information is available in the following threads:

https://community.ubnt.com/t5/airOS-Software-Configuration/Cannot-downgrade-firmware-from-5-6-3/td-p/1450154 https://community.ubnt.com/t5/airOS-SDK-Custom-Development/5-6-2-TFTP-ERROR/td-p/1307614 https://community.ubnt.com/t5/UniFi-Wireless/HOWTO-Unbrick-your-UniFi-AP/td-p/338684

The OpenWrt buildroot generates images that can be directly flashed to the Picostation M2 trough the Ubiquiti web, usually with a name like openwrt-ar71xx-generic-ubnt-bullet-m-squashfs-factory.bin (image for Ubiquiti Bullet M2).

Inside Picostation M2 Picostation M2 serial header

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  • Last modified: 2024/02/12 08:58
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