TP-Link TL-WR940N

This device is NOT RECOMMENDED for future use with OpenWrt due to low flash/ram.
DO NOT BUY DEVICES WITH 4MB FLASH / 32MB RAM if you intend to flash an up-to-date and secure OpenWrt version onto it! See 4/32 warning for details.

1) This device does not have sufficient resources (flash and/or RAM) to provide secure and reliable operation.
This means that even setting a password or changing simple network settings might not be possible any more, rendering the device effectively useless. See OpenWrt on 4/32 devices what you can do now.

2) OpenWrt support for this device has ended in 2022.
19.07.10 was the last official build for 4/32 devices.

The TP-Link WR940N is identical to the TL-WR941ND except that the antennas are not detachable and the hardware version is different. Only for WR940N v4 there seems to be no WR941ND-equivalent, yet.

  • WR940N v1 is a WR941ND v4
  • WR940N v2 is a WR941ND v5
  • WR940N v3 is a WR941ND v6

Version v6.1 can be treated like v6, except for flashing via TFTP (see below).

Starting with version 19.07.4 OpenWrt supports these routers with the new target ath79-tiny, but standard images will be too large. However, you can build own images using the respective ImageBuilder. For instance, to build an image for TL-WR940N-V6 including LuCI and excluding PPP use the following command, see detailed instructions under build your own image:

make image PROFILE=tplink_tl-wr940n-v6 PACKAGES="uhttpd uhttpd-mod-ubus libiwinfo-lua luci-base luci-app-firewall luci-mod-admin-full luci-theme-bootstrap -ppp -ppp-mod-pppoe"

NOTE:Tp link has charged the image format the tl-w940n v6 in 2XXX build of the stock firmware so openwrt 18 (maybe as well as later version of openwrt) cant be installed by using the stock firmware build 2XXX's web ui(it can still be installed by the tftp recovery.).There are custom build of openwrt(from that can be install via the stock firmwre build 2XXX's web ui.

Install OpenWrt (generic explanation)

For installation see TP-Link TL-WR941ND.

  1. Rename any of the Stock/OpenWrt/LEDE factory file to wr941ndv6_tp_recovery.bin
  2. Set IP of computer to
  3. On v6.1 devices, it's very likely there will have to be a switch between the machine running the TFTP server (dnsmasq works well) and the router (also see
  4. Start TFTP server
  5. Start the router with the reset button held down.
  6. Wait until the LED changes color, then release the reset button
  7. The TFTP server should log the firmware file having been downloaded - if not, just keep trying
  8. Once the file has been downloaded successfully, give it a minute or too, then try to get an IP address via DHCP
  9. In case TFTP does not work, you'll have to attach a serial cable (see below). Serial login for stock firmware: root:sohoadmin


TL-WR940N v1.0 Back

TL-WR940N v1.0 Label

TL-WR940N v1.0 Main board

Note the serial port on the right part of the board, approx. in the middle. Four pins next to the two large capacitors.

The serial port pinout is TX, RX, GND, NC. (RX/TX might be swapped, I don't trust my usb-serial converter)

Port settings are 115200, 8n1, no flow control.

Note: The console output may have garbage characters in it, as well as it will not take input. In this case pulling TX high with a 15K resistor from 3.3 volt resolves this


TL-WR940N v2.1 Main board

With 8M SPI flash mod, 64MB RAM mod(NT5DS32M16BG-6K)


TL-WR940N v3.0 Main board TL-WR940N v3.0 UART


TL-WR940N v4.0 Main board TL-WR940N v4.0 UART

Note: At least in v4.0 serial port uses lower voltage levels (3.3V), so regular serial adapters might not work correctly (even with added pullup-resistor). Use LVTTL USB to Serial adapter instead. The old Nokia CA-42 connector works fine (swap RX/TX between board and adapter), or use adapter based on PL2303HX chip.

Serial console login: root:sohoadmin

Some debug output below on a WR940N v1.0 flashed via openwrt-ar71xx-tl-wr941nd-v4-squashfs-factory.bin image (MD5 d753155844ad30db6906781083192d1e). Note that it says WR741ND?!

system type             : Atheros AR7240 rev 2
machine                 : TP-LINK TL-WR741ND
processor               : 0
cpu model               : MIPS 24Kc V7.4
BogoMIPS                : 266.24
wait instruction        : yes
microsecond timers      : yes
tlb_entries             : 16
extra interrupt vector  : yes
hardware watchpoint     : yes, count: 4, address/irw mask: [0x0000, 0x05f8, 0x0180, 0x0118]
ASEs implemented        : mips16
shadow register sets    : 1
core                    : 0
VCED exceptions         : not available
VCEI exceptions         : not available
Linux version ( (gcc version 4.3.3 (GCC) ) #20 Tue Apr 6 15:01:26 CEST 2010
prom: fw_arg0=00000007, fw_arg1=a1f87fb0, fw_arg2=a1f88460, fw_arg3=00000004
MyLoader: sysp=79a06a88, boardp=c7e28328, parts=71e268ce
bootconsole [early0] enabled
CPU revision is: 00019374 (MIPS 24Kc)
Atheros AR7240 rev 2, CPU:400.000 MHz, AHB:200.000 MHz, DDR:400.000 MHz
Determined physical RAM map:
 memory: 02000000 @ 00000000 (usable)
Initrd not found or empty - disabling initrd
Zone PFN ranges:
  Normal   0x00000000 -> 0x00002000
Movable zone start PFN for each node
early_node_map[1] active PFN ranges
    0: 0x00000000 -> 0x00002000
On node 0 totalpages: 8192
free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat 802d0210, node_mem_map 81000000
  Normal zone: 64 pages used for memmap
  Normal zone: 0 pages reserved
  Normal zone: 8128 pages, LIFO batch:0
Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 8128
Kernel command line: rootfstype=squashfs,yaffs,jffs2 noinitrd console=ttyS0,115200 board=TL-WR741ND
PID hash table entries: 128 (order: -3, 512 bytes)
Dentry cache hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
Primary instruction cache 64kB, VIPT, 4-way, linesize 32 bytes.
Primary data cache 32kB, 4-way, VIPT, cache aliases, linesize 32 bytes
Writing ErrCtl register=00000000
Readback ErrCtl register=00000000
Memory: 29332k/32768k available (2101k kernel code, 3436k reserved, 397k data, 152k init, 0k highmem)
SLUB: Genslabs=7, HWalign=32, Order=0-3, MinObjects=0, CPUs=1, Nodes=1
Hierarchical RCU implementation.
Calibrating delay loop... 266.24 BogoMIPS (lpj=1331200)
Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
NET: Registered protocol family 16
MIPS: machine is TP-LINK TL-WR741ND
registering PCI controller with io_map_base unset
bio: create slab <bio-0> at 0
PCI: fixup device 0000:00:00.0
pci 0000:00:00.0: reg 10 64bit mmio: [0x000000-0x00ffff]
pci 0000:00:00.0: supports D1
pci 0000:00:00.0: PME# supported from D0 D1 D3hot
pci 0000:00:00.0: PME# disabled
PCI: mapping irq 48 to pin1@0000:00:00.0
Switching to clocksource MIPS
NET: Registered protocol family 2
IP route cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)
TCP reno registered
NET: Registered protocol family 1
squashfs: version 4.0 (2009/01/31) Phillip Lougher
Registering mini_fo version $Id$
JFFS2 version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
yaffs Mar 28 2010 17:53:41 Installing. 
msgmni has been set to 57
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler deadline registered (default)
Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 1 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
serial8250.0: ttyS0 at MMIO 0x18020000 (irq = 11) is a 16550A
console [ttyS0] enabled, bootconsole disabled
Atheros AR71xx SPI Controller driver version 0.2.4
m25p80 spi0.0: w25x32 (4096 Kbytes)
spi0.0: searching for MyLoader partition table at offset 0x10000
spi0.0: searching for MyLoader partition table at offset 0x20000
spi0.0: searching for MyLoader partition table at offset 0x30000
spi0.0: searching for MyLoader partition table at offset 0x40000
spi0.0: no MyLoader partition table found
Searching for RedBoot partition table in spi0.0 at offset 0x3fe000
Searching for RedBoot partition table in spi0.0 at offset 0x3ff000
No RedBoot partition table detected in spi0.0
spi0.0: no WRT160NL signature found
Creating 5 MTD partitions on "spi0.0":
0x000000000000-0x000000020000 : "u-boot"
0x000000020000-0x000000160000 : "kernel"
0x000000160000-0x0000003f0000 : "rootfs"
mtd: partition "rootfs" set to be root filesystem
mtd: partition "rootfs_data" created automatically, ofs=29A000, len=156000 
0x00000029a000-0x0000003f0000 : "rootfs_data"
0x0000003f0000-0x000000400000 : "art"
0x000000020000-0x0000003f0000 : "firmware"
ag71xx_mdio: probed
eth0: Atheros AG71xx at 0xba000000, irq 5
eth0: using fixed link parameters
eth1: Atheros AG71xx at 0xb9000000, irq 4
eth1: using fixed link parameters
Atheros AR71xx hardware watchdog driver version 0.1.0
ar71xx-wdt: timeout=15 secs (max=21)
TCP westwood registered
NET: Registered protocol family 17
Distributed Switch Architecture driver version 0.1
eth0[0]: detected a Atheros AR7240 built-in switch
dsa slave smi: probed
802.1Q VLAN Support v1.8 Ben Greear <>
All bugs added by David S. Miller <>
VFS: Mounted root (squashfs filesystem) readonly on device 31:2.
Freeing unused kernel memory: 152k freed
Please be patient, while OpenWrt loads ...
gpio-buttons driver version 0.1.2
input: gpio-buttons as /devices/platform/gpio-buttons/input/input0
Button Hotplug driver version 0.3.1
eth0: link up (1000Mbps/Full duplex)
Registered led device: tl-wr741nd:green:system
Registered led device: tl-wr741nd:green:qss
mini_fo: using base directory: /
mini_fo: using storage directory: /overlay
eth0: link down
eth0: link up (1000Mbps/Full duplex)
eth1: link up (100Mbps/Full duplex)
device lan1 entered promiscuous mode
device eth0 entered promiscuous mode
device lan2 entered promiscuous mode
device lan3 entered promiscuous mode
device lan4 entered promiscuous mode
lan4: link up, 100Mb/s, full duplex
br-lan: port 4(lan4) entering forwarding state
Generic kernel compatibility enabled based on linux-next next-20100113
cfg80211: Calling CRDA to update world regulatory domain
cfg80211: World regulatory domain updated:
    (start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain, max_eirp)
    (2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (2457000 KHz - 2482000 KHz @ 20000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (2474000 KHz - 2494000 KHz @ 20000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (5170000 KHz - 5250000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
PCI: Setting latency timer of device 0000:00:00.0 to 64
ath: EEPROM regdomain: 0x0
ath: EEPROM indicates default country code should be used
ath: doing EEPROM country->regdmn map search
ath: country maps to regdmn code: 0x3a
ath: Country alpha2 being used: US
ath: Regpair used: 0x3a
phy0: Selected rate control algorithm 'ath9k_rate_control'
Registered led device: ath9k-phy0::radio
Registered led device: ath9k-phy0::assoc
Registered led device: ath9k-phy0::tx
Registered led device: ath9k-phy0::rx
phy0: Atheros AR9280 Rev:2 mem=0xb0000000, irq=48
cfg80211: Calling CRDA for country: US
cfg80211: Regulatory domain changed to country: US
    (start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain, max_eirp)
    (2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2700 mBm)
    (5170000 KHz - 5250000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 1700 mBm)
    (5250000 KHz - 5330000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (5490000 KHz - 5600000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (5650000 KHz - 5710000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 2000 mBm)
    (5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (300 mBi, 3000 mBm)
PPP generic driver version 2.4.2
ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team
NET: Registered protocol family 24
nf_conntrack version 0.5.0 (460 buckets, 1840 max)
CONFIG_NF_CT_ACCT is deprecated and will be removed soon. Please use
nf_conntrack.acct=1 kernel parameter, acct=1 nf_conntrack module option or
sysctl net.netfilter.nf_conntrack_acct=1 to enable it.
ar71xx-wdt: enabling watchdog timer
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  • Last modified: 2024/02/12 08:58
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