Running LXC on OpenWRT Host

In principal, an OpenWRT host can run any compatible guest distro via LXC. In practice, the architecture of the guest OS must match that of the OpenWRT host, therefore only a few architectures are supported including:

OpenWRT host arch LXC arch
aarch64 arm64
x86_64 amd64
tbd armel
tbd armhf
tbd i386
tbd ppc64el
tbd s390x

This example was using OpenWRT ARM64 MVEBU ESPRESSOBIN et ESPRESSOBIN ULTRA. It has also been verified on a OpenWRT aarch64 Raspberry Pi4 B.

Original Forum Topic

Install some necessary tools and prerequisites:

opkg install xz tar gnupg cgroupfs-mount cgroup-tools

Install the needed kernel modules:

opkg install kmod-ikconfig kmod-veth

Install the core lxc packages:

opkg install lxc-start lxc-stop lxc-create lxc-attach lxc-destroy lxc-config lxc-ls getopt

FIXME: Note that getopt should be a package dependency, see: #16684 is fixed.

Additional packages exist that can add functionality but that aren't strictly required. Find them with:

opkg list | grep lxc

Optionally check the kernel config to see if anything required is missing:

root@ultra:~# opkg install lxc-checkconfig
# lxc-checkconfig 
LXC version 4.0.5
--- Namespaces ---
Namespaces: enabled
Utsname namespace: enabled
Ipc namespace: enabled
Pid namespace: enabled
User namespace: enabled
Network namespace: enabled

--- Control groups ---
Cgroups: enabled

Cgroup v1 mount points: 
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpu
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuacct
/sys/fs/cgroup/blkio
/sys/fs/cgroup/memory
/sys/fs/cgroup/pids
/sys/fs/cgroup/rdma
/sys/fs/cgroup/systemd

Cgroup v2 mount points: 


Cgroup v1 freezer controller: missing
Cgroup v1 clone_children flag: enabled
Cgroup device: missing
Cgroup sched: enabled
Cgroup cpu account: enabled
Cgroup memory controller: enabled
Cgroup cpuset: enabled

--- Misc ---
Veth pair device: enabled, loaded
Macvlan: enabled, not loaded
Vlan: enabled, not loaded
Bridges: enabled, not loaded
Advanced netfilter: enabled, not loaded
CONFIG_NF_NAT_IPV4: missing
CONFIG_NF_NAT_IPV6: missing
CONFIG_IP_NF_TARGET_MASQUERADE: missing
CONFIG_IP6_NF_TARGET_MASQUERADE: missing
CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_CHECKSUM: enabled, not loaded
CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_MATCH_COMMENT: enabled, loaded
FUSE (for use with lxcfs): enabled, not loaded

--- Checkpoint/Restore ---
checkpoint restore: missing
CONFIG_FHANDLE: enabled
CONFIG_EVENTFD: enabled
CONFIG_EPOLL: enabled
CONFIG_UNIX_DIAG: missing
CONFIG_INET_DIAG: missing
CONFIG_PACKET_DIAG: missing
CONFIG_NETLINK_DIAG: enabled
File capabilities: 

Note : Before booting a new kernel, you can check its configuration
usage : CONFIG=/path/to/config /usr/bin/lxc-checkconfig

In order to download distro images for the guest, we need to either:

  1. Use a keyserver on the host which requires additional setup, or
  2. Disable validation (not recommended)

To verify signature of the images, we need to install some additional packages which can be remove after the guest is setup:

opkg install gnupg2-utils gnupg2-dirmngr

Alternatively, just use the –no-validate switch in the command when setting up the container. This is potentially dangerous and insecure.

Example:

root@ultra:~# lxc-create --name myLMS --template download -- --no-validate

There are many different distros available for installation. Search for your favorite distro from the supported ones with this command:

lxc-create --name myLMS --template download -- --list --no-validate

This guide will use Debian Buster selected by pre-specifying the distro, release, and architecture via switches, but it is possible to simply omit these three and select them interactively as well.

root@ultra:~# lxc-create --name myLMS --template download -- --dist debian --release buster --arch arm64
Setting up the GPG keyring
ERROR: Unable to fetch GPG key from keyserver
lxc-create: myLMS: lxccontainer.c: create_run_template: 1616 Failed to create container from template
lxc-create: myLMS: tools/lxc_create.c: main: 319 Failed to create container myLMS

To list the installed containers and query their status, use lxc-ls:

root@ultra:~# lxc-ls -f
NAME  STATE   AUTOSTART GROUPS IPV4 IPV6 UNPRIVILEGED 
myLMS STOPPED 0         -      -    -    false

Start and stop containers with lxc-start and lxc-stop respectively:

root@ultra:~# lxc-start -n myLMS
root@ultra:~# lxc-ls -f
NAME  STATE   AUTOSTART GROUPS IPV4 IPV6 UNPRIVILEGED 
myLMS RUNNING 0         -      -    -    false
root@ultra:~# lxc-stop -n myLMS
root@ultra:~# lxc-ls -f
NAME  STATE   AUTOSTART GROUPS IPV4 IPV6 UNPRIVILEGED 
myLMS STOPPED 0         -      -    -    false

Setup networking in the container:

root@ultra:~# nano /srv/lxc/myLMS/config
...
# Network configuration
#lxc.net.0.type = empty
lxc.net.0.type = veth
lxc.net.0.link = br-lan
lxc.net.0.flags = up
lxc.net.0.hwaddr = 00:FF:DD:BB:CC:01

Optionally mount a share from the OpenWRT host inside the guest Make sure to create the path to the share in the container, then edit the container config adding the following line:

lxc.mount.entry = /mnt/SHARE /srv/lxc/myLMS/rootfs/mnt/SHARE none bind,create=d

Attach to the guest which will drop you in as root user. Example below is enabling ssh and fixing sudo within Debian.

root@ultra:~# lxc-attach -n myLMS
root@myLMS:~#
$ adduser admin
$ apt install sudo
$ addgroup admin sudo
$ apt install ssh -y
$ ip a
root@myLMS:~# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 ::1/128 scope host 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: eth0@if12: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:ff:dd:bb:cc:01 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0
    inet 192.168.1.188/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global dynamic eth0
       valid_lft 42908sec preferred_lft 42908sec
    inet6 fdc5:f7f:d0b5:0:2ff:ddff:febb:cc01/64 scope global dynamic mngtmpaddr 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::2ff:ddff:febb:cc01/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
$ exit
opkg install lxc-auto lxc-autostart
uci show lxc-auto
uci add lxc-auto container
uci set lxc-auto.@container[-1].name=myLMS
uci set lxc-auto.@container[-1].timeout=30
uci show lxc-auto
uci commit lxc-auto
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  • Last modified: 2021/09/23 00:14
  • by darksky2