UCI defaults

See also: The UCI system

OpenWrt relies on UCI, the Unified Configuration Interface, to configure its core services. UCI defaults provides a way to preconfigure your images, using UCI.

To set some system defaults the first time the device boots, create a script in the directory /etc/uci-defaults.

All scripts in that directory are automatically executed by the boot service:

  • If they exit with code 0 they are deleted afterwards.
  • Scripts that exit with non-zero exit code are not deleted and will be re-executed at the next boot until they also successfully exit.

In a live router you can see the existing UCI defaults scripts in /rom/etc/uci-defaults , as /etc/uci-defaults itself is typically empty (after all scripts have been run successfully and have been deleted).

UCI defaults scripts can be created by packages or they can be inserted into the build manually as custom files.

See also: Build system - Custom files, Image builder - Custom files

Easiest way to include uci-defaults scripts in your firmware may be as custom files. You can preload custom settings by adding batch scripts containing UCI commands into the /files/etc/uci-defaults directory. The path is identical for the buildroot and the image generator. The scripts will be run after the flashing process - in case of upgrading, that also includes appending the existing configuration to the JFFS2 partition (mounted as /overlay). Scripts should not be executable. To ensure your scripts are not interfering with any other scripts, make sure they get executed last by giving them a high prefix (e.g. xx_custom). A basic script could look like this:

cat << "EOF" > /etc/uci-defaults/99-custom
uci -q batch << EOI
set network.lan.ipaddr=''
set wireless.@wifi-device[0].disabled='0'
set wireless.@wifi-iface[0].ssid='OpenWrt0815'
add dhcp host
set dhcp.@host[-1].name='bellerophon'
set dhcp.@host[-1].ip=''
set dhcp.@host[-1].mac='a1:b2:c3:d4:e5:f6'
rename firewall.@zone[0]='lan'
rename firewall.@zone[1]='wan'
rename firewall.@forwarding[0]='lan_wan'

This is a simple example to set up the LAN IP address, SSID, enable Wi-Fi, configure a static DHCP lease, rename firewall zone and forwarding sections. Once the script has run successfully and exited cleanly (exit status 0), it will be removed from /etc/uci-defaults. You can still consult the original in /rom/etc/uci-defaults if needed.

Scripts in /etc/uci-defaults will get executed at every first boot (i.e. after a clean install or an upgrade), possibly overwriting already existing values. If this behaviour is undesired, we recommend you implement a test at the top of your script - e.g. probe for a custom setting your script would normally configure:

[ "$(uci -q get system.@system[0].zonename)" = "America/New York" ] && exit 0

This will make sure, when the key has the correct value set, that the script exits cleanly and gets removed from /etc/uci-defaults as explained above.

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  • Last modified: 2023/10/14 09:08
  • by vgaetera