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Acerca del proyecto OpenWrt/LEDE

OpenWrt ​es una distribución GNU/Linux altamente extensible para dispositivos embebidos (típicamente routers inalámbricos). A diferencia de muchas otras distribuciones para esos routers, OpenWrt está construído desde su base para ser un sistema operativo de funciones completas, fácilmente modificable para tu router. En la práctica, esto significa que puedes tener todas las funciones que necesitas sin nada de relleno, impulsado por un kernel de Linux que es más reciente que la mayoría de las otras distribuciones.

¿Qué es OpenWrt?

En vez de intentar crear un simple, estático firmware, OpenWrt proporciona un sistema de archivos completamente escribible con administración de paquetes. Esto te libera de la selección de aplicaciones y configuración provista por el fabricante y te permite personalizar el dispositivo a través del uso de paquetes para adaptarse a cualquier propósito. Para los desarrolladores, OpenWrt es una infraestructura “framework” para construir una aplicación sin tener que construir un firmware completo a su alrededor; para los usuarios esto significa la posibilidad de personalización completa, para usar el dispositivo de maneras nunca previstas.

Un reinicio de la comunidad OpenWrt

En 2016, se fundó el proyecto LEDE como un derivado del proyecto OpenWrt y compartió muchos de los mismos objetivos. El proyecto se centró en construir una distribución de Linux embebida que hiciese sencillo para los desarrolladores, administradores de sistemas u otros entusiastas de Linux el construir y personalizar software para dispositivos embebidos, especialmente routers inalámbricos. El nombre LEDE significaba Linux Embedded Development Environment.

Members of the project included a significant share of the most active members of the OpenWrt community and intended to bring new life to Embedded Linux development by creating a community with a strong focus on transparency, collaboration and decentralisation.

LEDE’s stated goals were:

  • Build a great embedded Linux distribution with focus on stability and functionality.
  • Make regular, predictable release cycles coupled with community provided device testing feedback.
  • Establish transparent decision processes with broad community participation and public meetings.

The formation of the LEDE project was decided to solve long standing issues that were deemed unfixable from within the OpenWrt project/community:

  1. Number of active core developers at an all time low, no process for getting more new people involved.
  2. Unreliable infrastructure, fixes prevented by internal disagreements and single points of failure.
  3. Lack of communication, transparency and coordination in the OpenWrt project, both inside the core team and between the core team and the rest of the community.
  4. Not enough people with commit access to handle the incoming flow of patches, too little attention to testing and regular builds.
  5. Lack of focus on stability and documentation.

To address these issues, the LEDE project was set up in a different way compared to OpenWrt:

  1. All communication channels are public, some read-only to non-members to maintain a good signal-to-noise ratio.
  2. Decision making process is more open, with an approximate 50/50 mix of developers and power users with voting rights.
  3. Infrastructure is simplified a lot, to ensure that it creates less maintenance work for us.
  4. More liberal merge policy, based on our experience with the OpenWrt package github feed.
  5. Strong focus on automated testing combined with a simplified release process.

Anunciando la fusión de OpenWrt/LEDE

A Enero de 2018, ambos proyectos de OpenWrt y LEDE acordaron re-fusionarse de nuevo bajo el nombre OpenWrt.

El nuevo, unificado proyecto OpenWrt está gobernado bajo las reglas establecidas por el antiguo proyecto LEDE. Miembros activos de ambos antiguos proyectos LEDE y OpenWrt contribuyen al unificado OpenWrt.

Joint future

LEDE's fork and subsequent re-merge into OpenWrt did not alter the overall technical direction taken by the unified project. OpenWrt will continue to work on improving stability and release maintenance while aiming for frequent minor releases to address critical bugs and security issues like LEDE did with the 17.01 series and its multiple point releases until now.

Old pre-15.05 OpenWrt CC releases are not supported by the merged project anymore, leaving them without any future security or bug fixes. The OpenWrt CC 15.05 release series did receive a limited amount of security and bug fixes, but due to its lacking integration in the release automation, no further binary image releases were made.

The merged project uses the code base of the former LEDE project. OpenWrt specific patches not present in the LEDE repository but meeting LEDEs code quality requirements got integrated into the new tree while the source code has been moved to git.openwrt.org with a continuously synchronized mirror hosted at Github. The original OpenWrt codebase has been archived on Github for future reference.

The remerged OpenWrt project is legally represented by the Software in the Public Interest (SPI) - an US 501(c)(3) non-profit organization which is managing our OpenWrt trademark, handling our donations and helping us with legal problems.

Infrastructure formerly available under the lede-project.org domain has been mostly moved to corresponding openwrt.org subdomains and redirects were put in place when appropriate.

Name

The OpenWrt logo The name OpenWrt stems from the beginning of the open wireless router movements, starting with the first White Russian releases for WRT54G routers, marking the start of future wireless router firmware development.
The LEDE logo The name LEDE is an abbreviation for Linux Embedded Development Environment, a reference to its flexibility and embedded buildroot origins, making it a solid choice for embedded Linux applications far beyond the wireless router and network appliance realm.

Meeting Logs

IRC meeting logs done during the LEDE fork can be viewed here.

Real life / F2F meetings

People

Here you can find an alphabetically ordered list of the current people involved in OpenWrt Project:

Desarrolladores Apodo
Adrian Schmutzler adrianschmutzler
Alexander Couzens lynxis
Álvaro Fernández Rojas noltari
Christian Lamparter lach1012
Chuanhong Guo 981213
Daniel Golle dangole
David Bauer blocktrron
Felix Fietkau nbd
Florian Fainelli [florian]
Hans Dedecker dedeckeh
Hauke Mehrtens hauke
Imre Kaloz kaloz
Jo-Philipp Wich jow
John Crispin blogic
Jonas Gorski jogo
Kevin Darbyshire-Bryant ldir
Koen Vandeputte xback
Luka Perkov luka
Mathias Kresin mkresin
Matthias Schiffer neoraider
Mirko Vogt mirko
Petr Štetiar ynezz
Piotr Dymacz pepe2k
Rafał Miłecki rmilecki
Steven Barth cyrus
Stijn Tintel stintel
Ted Hess thess
Yousong Zhou yousong
Zoltan Herpai wigyori
Documentación Wiki Apodo
Thomas Endt tmomas
Rich Brown richb-hanover
Alberto Bursi bobafetthotmail
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es/about.txt · Last modified: 2020/01/13 21:31 by howl