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zh:docs:guide-quick-start:walkthrough_login

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登陆运行OpenWrt的路由器

我们已经安装好OpenWrt了,现在是时候配置我们地路由器了。访问你路由器的管理页面。 不管以前这个页面的地址是什么, OpenWrt simplifies this by setting the administration address to be http://192.168.1.1.在这个页面你将会看到登陆页面: (correct as of Barrier Breaker)

如你所见,有个提示说用户“root”的密码尚未设置。 root 是OpenWrt上主管理员的用户名。我们将会在登陆之后设置。 在用户名处填入“root”,密码处置空来登陆。

状态页面

一旦你登陆了,你将会看到主状态页面 。从此处你可以看到更高级的路由状态。 在这个页面上我们将讨论一些可视信息。

在第一张截图中,你可以看到一些基本的系统信息,比如OpenWrt的版本和OpenWrt的web 界面包(LuCI)。此外,你可以看到上次重启之后路由器的上线时间,当前的路由器的时钟时间和使用了(或加载了)多少路由器的处理器。 往下滑吧。

在第二张截图中, 你可以看到路由器的内存使用状况。. 当路由器上的服务重启时,“total available memory”将会全部用尽。在这张截图的例子中,还有很多内存可以使用。 如果这个数量非常小的话,这个路由器可能会变慢或者不规律。 In that case, one would need to stop and disable services on the router. That's beyond the scope of this walkthrough but it's important to know.

Next we'll see the Network section. The Network section shows information the network interface of the router, particularly as it applies to IP addresses. Additionally, you'll see the transmission speed of data going through those interfaces. At the end of the network section, you'll see how many network connections are going through the router compared to the maximum supported by the router.

In this final screen shot, you'll see the DHCP leases computers on the router. Without getting into details, DHCP leases represent temporary IP addresses that the router will give out to client computers. Lastly there is information about the wireless networks for your router. You may have a different number than in this screen shot depending on your router model but all of them will be disabled for initial security purposes. Don't worry, we'll turn them on in just little bit.

Now that we have a sense of the information on the status page, we need to fix that lack of a root password. We can do that but scrolling back up to the top of the page and clicking “Go to password configuration…” in the box titled “No password set!”

设置root密码

Before we actually do anything else, we need to set the root password. As we mentioned, root is the username of the administrative user in OpenWrt. Since this is an extremely powerful account, we need to provide a strong password that you'll remember. Once you have a new password, type it into the “password” field and then repeat it into the “confirmation” field. Make sure to remember this password; when you log into the router again, you'll need this password.

While not absolutely necessary, it's useful to set up SSH access with Dropbear. Without getting into detail SSH, allows you to login via a command line. In some rare situations, you may need to login to the diagnose problems without visiting the web administration. In that case you would use SSH so it's important to have that setup. Fortunately, the default settings allow that so we won't have to change anything.

Lastly, we click “Save & Apply” to finalize our changes on this page.

Now that we've set our root password, we only have to turn on and secure our wifi networks and we'll be done.

Next step: Secure and Turn On Wifi ->

If you don't have/need wifi you can skip to the last step:

Last step: Internet connectivity, troubleshooting and what to do next ->

zh/docs/guide-quick-start/walkthrough_login.txt · Last modified: 2018/09/03 13:21 by pca