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zh:docs:guide-user:base-system:system_configuration

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系统配置

系统UCI子系统配置文件位于 /etc/config/system.

系统部分

系统部分包含适用于该系统的最基本的操作,如主机名、时区、以及如何和在哪里写日志记录信息。默认设置是:

root@lede:/# uci show system
system.@system[0]=system
system.@system[0].hostname='lede'
system.@system[0].timezone='UTC'
system.@system[0].ttylogin='0'
system.@system[0].log_size='64'
system.@system[0].urandom_seed='0'
root@lede:/# cat /etc/config/system
config 'system'
	option 'hostname'	'lede'
	option 'timezone'	'UTC'

这些选项可以在系统部分设定:

名称 类型 需求默认 简介
hostname string no lede 系统的主机名,即便是引用也要避免使用“.” 比如 ' my.hostname ' 将只会显示 ' my ' 部分
buffersize integer no kernel specific内核消息缓冲区的大小。
conloglevel integer no 7 使用数1-8之间。记录到控制台的内核消息的最大日志级别。只有低于此级别的消息将被打印到控制台。更高级别的消息日志级别较低。最高级别的消息是日志级别0的消息。如果你想要更多的消息控制台,可以把把conloglevel设置到8,如果你想减少消息可以把conloglevel下降到4或更少。
cronloglevel integer no 5 后台信息被记录到syslog的基本水平。 0 将会输出所有debug信息, 8 将会记录命令执行, 而 9 或更高只会记录错误信息。
klogconloglevel integer no 7 内核消息记录到控制台的最大日志级别,只有低于此级别的消息才会被打印到控制台。 与conloglevel相同并将覆盖它。
log_buffer_size integer no 16 基于 “新” procd 的系统日志的日志缓冲区的大小,由 logread 命令输出。尝试过 32 kB 之后,更大的也应该可以。
log_file string no no log file 将日志消息写入文件(输入 file )。 默认是不写入文件的日志。 系统日志文件最常用的位置是 /var/log/messages
log_ip IP addressno (none) 系统日志服务器的IP地址,除本地目的地之外,日志消息应该发送到该系统日志服务器。
log_port integer no 514 log_ip的远程日志服务器指定端口号。
log_prefix string no (none) 将前缀添加到通过网络发送的所有日志消息中。
log_proto string no udp 设置用于连接的协议,tcpudp
log_remote bool no 1 允许远程日志记录。
log_size integer no 16 文件或循环内存缓冲区的KiB大小。
log_trailer_nullbool no 0 在使用TCP时,使用\0 代替\n 作为trailer。
log_type string no circular 不是 circular 就是 file.
timezone string no UTC 日期和时间应在默认情况下呈现的时区。
zonename string no UTC 只有当使用glibc和zoneinfo时有用! (LIBC_USE_EGLIBC, PACKAGE_zoneinfo-*) 日期和时间的时区应默认呈现。 假设您要使用布鲁塞尔的时区,请将此值设为欧洲/布鲁塞尔。 值可以通过运行(cd /usr/share/zoneinfo; find *)找到

时区

地理位置 时区代号
Africa/Abidjan GMT0
Africa/Accra GMT0
Africa/Addis Ababa EAT-3
Africa/Algiers CET-1
Africa/Asmara EAT-3
Africa/Bamako GMT0
Africa/Bangui WAT-1
Africa/Banjul GMT0
Africa/Bissau GMT0
Africa/Blantyre CAT-2
Africa/Brazzaville WAT-1
Africa/Bujumbura CAT-2
Africa/Casablanca WET0
Africa/Ceuta CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Africa/Conakry GMT0
Africa/Dakar GMT0
Africa/Dar es Salaam EAT-3
Africa/Djibouti EAT-3
Africa/Douala WAT-1
Africa/El Aaiun WET0
Africa/Freetown GMT0
Africa/Gaborone CAT-2
Africa/Harare CAT-2
Africa/Johannesburg SAST-2
Africa/Kampala EAT-3
Africa/Khartoum EAT-3
Africa/Kigali CAT-2
Africa/Kinshasa WAT-1
Africa/Lagos WAT-1
Africa/Libreville WAT-1
Africa/Lome GMT0
Africa/Luanda WAT-1
Africa/Lubumbashi CAT-2
Africa/Lusaka CAT-2
Africa/Malabo WAT-1
Africa/Maputo CAT-2
Africa/Maseru SAST-2
Africa/Mbabane SAST-2
Africa/Mogadishu EAT-3
Africa/Monrovia GMT0
Africa/Nairobi EAT-3
Africa/Ndjamena WAT-1
Africa/Niamey WAT-1
Africa/Nouakchott GMT0
Africa/Ouagadougou GMT0
Africa/Porto-Novo WAT-1
Africa/Sao Tome GMT0
Africa/Tripoli EET-2
Africa/Tunis CET-1
Africa/Windhoek WAT-1WAST,M9.1.0,M4.1.0
America/Adak HAST10HADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Anchorage AKST9AKDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Anguilla AST4
America/Antigua AST4
America/Araguaina BRT3
America/Argentina/Buenos AiresART3
America/Argentina/Catamarca ART3
America/Argentina/Cordoba ART3
America/Argentina/Jujuy ART3
America/Argentina/La Rioja ART3
America/Argentina/Mendoza ART3
America/Argentina/Rio GallegosART3
America/Argentina/Salta ART3
America/Argentina/San Juan ART3
America/Argentina/Tucuman ART3
America/Argentina/Ushuaia ART3
America/Aruba AST4
America/Asuncion PYT4PYST,M10.1.0/0,M4.2.0/0
America/Atikokan EST5
America/Bahia BRT3
America/Barbados AST4
America/Belem BRT3
America/Belize CST6
America/Blanc-Sablon AST4
America/Boa Vista AMT4
America/Bogota COT5
America/Boise MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Cambridge Bay MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Campo Grande AMT4AMST,M10.3.0/0,M2.3.0/0
America/Cancun CST6CDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Caracas VET4:30
America/Cayenne GFT3
America/Cayman EST5
America/Chicago CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Chihuahua MST7MDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Costa Rica CST6
America/Cuiaba AMT4AMST,M10.3.0/0,M2.3.0/0
America/Curacao AST4
America/Danmarkshavn GMT0
America/Dawson PST8PDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Dawson Creek MST7
America/Denver MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Detroit EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Dominica AST4
America/Edmonton MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Eirunepe AMT4
America/El Salvador CST6
America/Fortaleza BRT3
America/Glace Bay AST4ADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Goose Bay AST4ADT,M3.2.0/0:01,M11.1.0/0:01
America/Grand Turk EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Grenada AST4
America/Guadeloupe AST4
America/Guatemala CST6
America/Guayaquil ECT5
America/Guyana GYT4
America/Halifax AST4ADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Havana CST5CDT,M3.2.0/0,M10.5.0/1
America/Hermosillo MST7
America/Indiana/Indianapolis EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Knox CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Marengo EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Petersburg EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Tell City CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Vevay EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Vincennes EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Indiana/Winamac EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Inuvik MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Iqaluit EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Jamaica EST5
America/Juneau AKST9AKDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Kentucky/Louisville EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Kentucky/Monticello EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/La Paz BOT4
America/Lima PET5
America/Los Angeles PST8PDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Maceio BRT3
America/Managua CST6
America/Manaus AMT4
America/Marigot AST4
America/Martinique AST4
America/Matamoros CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Mazatlan MST7MDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Menominee CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Merida CST6CDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Mexico City CST6CDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Miquelon PMST3PMDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Moncton AST4ADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Monterrey CST6CDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Montevideo UYT3UYST,M10.1.0,M3.2.0
America/Montreal EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Montserrat AST4
America/Nassau EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/New York EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Nipigon EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Nome AKST9AKDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Noronha FNT2
America/North Dakota/Center CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/North Dakota/New SalemCST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Ojinaga MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Panama EST5
America/Pangnirtung EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Paramaribo SRT3
America/Phoenix MST7
America/Port of Spain AST4
America/Port-au-Prince EST5
America/Porto Velho AMT4
America/Puerto Rico AST4
America/Rainy River CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Rankin Inlet CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Recife BRT3
America/Regina CST6
America/Rio Branco AMT4
America/Santa Isabel PST8PDT,M4.1.0,M10.5.0
America/Santarem BRT3
America/Santo Domingo AST4
America/Sao Paulo BRT3BRST,M10.3.0/0,M2.3.0/0
America/Scoresbysund EGT1EGST,M3.5.0/0,M10.5.0/1
America/Shiprock MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/St Barthelemy AST4
America/St Johns NST3:30NDT,M3.2.0/0:01,M11.1.0/0:01
America/St Kitts AST4
America/St Lucia AST4
America/St Thomas AST4
America/St Vincent AST4
America/Swift Current CST6
America/Tegucigalpa CST6
America/Thule AST4ADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Thunder Bay EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Tijuana PST8PDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Toronto EST5EDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Tortola AST4
America/Vancouver PST8PDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Whitehorse PST8PDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Winnipeg CST6CDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Yakutat AKST9AKDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
America/Yellowknife MST7MDT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
Antarctica/Casey WST-8
Antarctica/Davis DAVT-7
Antarctica/DumontDUrville DDUT-10
Antarctica/Macquarie MIST-11
Antarctica/Mawson MAWT-5
Antarctica/McMurdo NZST-12NZDT,M9.5.0,M4.1.0/3
Antarctica/Rothera ROTT3
Antarctica/South Pole NZST-12NZDT,M9.5.0,M4.1.0/3
Antarctica/Syowa SYOT-3
Antarctica/Vostok VOST-6
Arctic/Longyearbyen CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Aden AST-3
Asia/Almaty ALMT-6
Asia/Anadyr ANAT-11ANAST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Aqtau AQTT-5
Asia/Aqtobe AQTT-5
Asia/Ashgabat TMT-5
Asia/Baghdad AST-3
Asia/Bahrain AST-3
Asia/Baku AZT-4AZST,M3.5.0/4,M10.5.0/5
Asia/Bangkok ICT-7
Asia/Beirut EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/0,M10.5.0/0
Asia/Bishkek KGT-6
Asia/Brunei BNT-8
Asia/Choibalsan CHOT-8
Asia/Chongqing CST-8
Asia/Colombo IST-5:30
Asia/Damascus EET-2EEST,M4.1.5/0,M10.5.5/0
Asia/Dhaka BDT-6
Asia/Dili TLT-9
Asia/Dubai GST-4
Asia/Dushanbe TJT-5
Asia/Gaza EET-2EEST,M3.5.6/0:01,M9.1.5
Asia/Harbin CST-8
Asia/Ho Chi Minh ICT-7
Asia/Hong Kong HKT-8
Asia/Hovd HOVT-7
Asia/Irkutsk IRKT-8IRKST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Jakarta WIT-7
Asia/Jayapura EIT-9
Asia/Kabul AFT-4:30
Asia/Kamchatka PETT-11PETST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Karachi PKT-5
Asia/Kashgar CST-8
Asia/Kathmandu NPT-5:45
Asia/Kolkata IST-5:30
Asia/Krasnoyarsk KRAT-7KRAST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Kuala Lumpur MYT-8
Asia/Kuching MYT-8
Asia/Kuwait AST-3
Asia/Macau CST-8
Asia/Magadan MAGT-11MAGST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Makassar CIT-8
Asia/Manila PHT-8
Asia/Muscat GST-4
Asia/Nicosia EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Asia/Novokuznetsk NOVT-6NOVST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Novosibirsk NOVT-6NOVST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Omsk OMST-7
Asia/Oral ORAT-5
Asia/Phnom Penh ICT-7
Asia/Pontianak WIT-7
Asia/Pyongyang KST-9
Asia/Qatar AST-3
Asia/Qyzylorda QYZT-6
Asia/Rangoon MMT-6:30
Asia/Riyadh AST-3
Asia/Sakhalin SAKT-10SAKST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Samarkand UZT-5
Asia/Seoul KST-9
Asia/Shanghai CST-8
Asia/Singapore SGT-8
Asia/Taipei CST-8
Asia/Tashkent UZT-5
Asia/Tbilisi GET-4
Asia/Tehran IRST-3:30IRDT,80/0,264/0
Asia/Thimphu BTT-6
Asia/Tokyo JST-9
Asia/Ulaanbaatar ULAT-8
Asia/Urumqi CST-8
Asia/Vientiane ICT-7
Asia/Vladivostok VLAT-10VLAST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Yakutsk YAKT-9YAKST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Yekaterinburg YEKT-5YEKST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Asia/Yerevan AMT-4AMST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Atlantic/Azores AZOT1AZOST,M3.5.0/0,M10.5.0/1
Atlantic/Bermuda AST4ADT,M3.2.0,M11.1.0
Atlantic/Canary WET0WEST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Atlantic/Cape Verde CVT1
Atlantic/Faroe WET0WEST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Atlantic/Madeira WET0WEST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Atlantic/Reykjavik GMT0
Atlantic/South Georgia GST2
Atlantic/St Helena GMT0
Atlantic/Stanley FKT4FKST,M9.1.0,M4.3.0
Australia/Adelaide CST-9:30CST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Australia/Brisbane EST-10
Australia/Broken Hill CST-9:30CST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Australia/Currie EST-10EST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Australia/Darwin CST-9:30
Australia/Eucla CWST-8:45
Australia/Hobart EST-10EST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Australia/Lindeman EST-10
Australia/Lord Howe LHST-10:30LHST-11,M10.1.0,M4.1.0
Australia/Melbourne EST-10EST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Australia/Perth WST-8
Australia/Sydney EST-10EST,M10.1.0,M4.1.0/3
Europe/Amsterdam CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Andorra CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Athens EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Belgrade CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Berlin CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Bratislava CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Brussels CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Bucharest EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Budapest CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Chisinau EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Copenhagen CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Dublin GMT0IST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Gibraltar CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Guernsey GMT0BST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Helsinki EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Isle of Man GMT0BST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Istanbul EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Jersey GMT0BST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Kaliningrad EET-2EEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Kiev EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Lisbon WET0WEST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Ljubljana CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/London GMT0BST,M3.5.0/1,M10.5.0
Europe/Luxembourg CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Madrid CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Malta CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Mariehamn EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Minsk EET-2EEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Monaco CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Moscow MSK-4
Europe/Oslo CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Paris CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Podgorica CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Prague CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Riga EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Rome CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Samara SAMT-3SAMST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/San Marino CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Sarajevo CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Simferopol EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Skopje CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Sofia EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Stockholm CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Tallinn EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Tirane CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Uzhgorod EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Vaduz CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Vatican CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Vienna CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Vilnius EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Volgograd VOLT-3VOLST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Warsaw CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Zagreb CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Europe/Zaporozhye EET-2EEST,M3.5.0/3,M10.5.0/4
Europe/Zurich CET-1CEST,M3.5.0,M10.5.0/3
Indian/Antananarivo EAT-3
Indian/Chagos IOT-6
Indian/Christmas CXT-7
Indian/Cocos CCT-6:30
Indian/Comoro EAT-3
Indian/Kerguelen TFT-5
Indian/Mahe SCT-4
Indian/Maldives MVT-5
Indian/Mauritius MUT-4
Indian/Mayotte EAT-3
Indian/Reunion RET-4
Pacific/Apia WST11
Pacific/Auckland NZST-12NZDT,M9.5.0,M4.1.0/3
Pacific/Chatham CHAST-12:45CHADT,M9.5.0/2:45,M4.1.0/3:45
Pacific/Efate VUT-11
Pacific/Enderbury PHOT-13
Pacific/Fakaofo TKT10
Pacific/Fiji FJT-12
Pacific/Funafuti TVT-12
Pacific/Galapagos GALT6
Pacific/Gambier GAMT9
Pacific/Guadalcanal SBT-11
Pacific/Guam ChST-10
Pacific/Honolulu HST10
Pacific/Johnston HST10
Pacific/Kiritimati LINT-14
Pacific/Kosrae KOST-11
Pacific/Kwajalein MHT-12
Pacific/Majuro MHT-12
Pacific/Marquesas MART9:30
Pacific/Midway SST11
Pacific/Nauru NRT-12
Pacific/Niue NUT11
Pacific/Norfolk NFT-11:30
Pacific/Noumea NCT-11
Pacific/Pago Pago SST11
Pacific/Palau PWT-9
Pacific/Pitcairn PST8
Pacific/Ponape PONT-11
Pacific/Port Moresby PGT-10
Pacific/Rarotonga CKT10
Pacific/Saipan ChST-10
Pacific/Tahiti TAHT10
Pacific/Tarawa GILT-12
Pacific/Tongatapu TOT-13
Pacific/Truk TRUT-10
Pacific/Wake WAKT-12
Pacific/Wallis WFT-12
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zh/docs/guide-user/base-system/system_configuration.txt · Last modified: 2018/08/08 07:40 by tmomas