This device is NOT RECOMMENDED for future use with OpenWrt due to low flash/ram. DO NOT BUY DEVICES WITH 4MB FLASH / 32MB RAM if you intend to flash an up-to-date and secure OpenWrt version (18.06 or later) onto it! See 4/32 warning for details.
1) This device does not have sufficient resources (flash and/or RAM) to provide secure and reliable operation.
This means that even setting a password or changing simple network settings might not be possible any more, rendering the device effectively useless. See OpenWrt on 4/32 devices what you can do now.
2) OpenWrt support for this device will end after 2019.
19.07 will be the last official build for 4/32 devices. After 19.07, no further OpenWrt images will be built for 4/32 devices. See OpenWrt on 4/32 devices what you can do now.
Since v3 hardware, TP-Link has started shipping with the new locked TP-link firmware. Investigation into this locking mechanism is still in progress, but the device does support tftp flashing. To use this feature, press and hold the reset button while powering on. The device will use the ip address 192.168.0.86, and attempt to load a new firmware from a tftp server at 192.168.0.66. The v3 is looking for the file: wa801ndv3_tp_recovery.bin. Rename your openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wa801nd-v3-squashfs-factory.bin file to wa801ndv3_tp_recovery.bin, confirmed working as of trunk r49037.
However, this does not work with v4. Use the Workaround below instead.
A workaround for the locked firmware has been found, based on Keyboardgnome's solution for the WR710n. The key is that a command can be injected by including it as part of the SSID. Several SSIDs are set which compile a script in the router's ram, and then a final command executes that script. After about 60 seconds, the web interface will be available again, and should accept an Openwrt image.
To use the workaround, set the device's SSID to each of the following lines, making sure to include the backticks. Set the ssid and click save between each line.
After the reboot sequence, the router may have fallen back to its default IP address : 192.168.0.254, with the default credentials (admin:admin)
Rename the downloaded firmware to firmware.bin
Log in to the web interface and go the the firmware upload page
Select the correct firmware file, and you're done : the system now accepts the openwrt image
WA801ND v3 Hardware overview
Some weeks ago i’ve succesfully ported OpenWrt to the TP-LinkTL WA801ND v3, that access point features 2×2 MIMO, detachable antennas, 32 MBytes of ram and 4 Mbytes of flash.
It is based, like most new tp-link devices on a Qualcomm Atheros system on chip (QCA9533-BL3A) which integrates the MIPS core, ethernet switch and wifi hardware.
Accessing the WA801ND v3 serial port
Out of the box even if the serial header is present and has the typical TP-Link pinout, it won’t work, because some resistors are missing from the board, namely R105 and R107.
TL-WA801ND v3 solder bridge required
Solder bridge on R105 required to receive data from the serial port
TL-WA801ND v3 solder bridge required
Solder bridge on R107 to allow sending to serial port
The serial port settings are, as usual 115200 baud and to enter uboot prompt you have to quickly type “tpl” when it says that it is waiting 1 second.
Installing from the web interface
OpenWrt trunk builds can be installed using the original tp-link firmware from the web interface.
In order to do that download openwrt trunk build for the device, under the directory ar71xx there should be in trunk a file named openwrt-ar71xx-generic-tl-wa801nd-v3-squashfs-factory.bin , download it and rename it to a.bin ( tested working, but maybe anything works ), and use it to upgrade the access point from the web interface.
Once you uploaded the file, wait for the device to reboot, when it reboots currently , no leds will be lit.
That’s because by default no led is assigned to anything, maybe i should do some patch to fix that in the future.
To configure it connect with ssh to 192.168.1.1 ( DHCP should be enabled by default too ), or if you have built an image with luci, just navigate to http://192.168.1.1
toh/tp-link/tl-wa801nd.txt · Last modified: 2020/09/09 09:42 by tofuschnitzel