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toh:alfa_network:alfa_network_tube2hp

ALFA Network Tube2H, Tube2HP, Tube2HP-F

Under Construction!
This page is currently under construction. You can edit the article to help completing it.

An outdoor 2.4 GHz router with an N connector on the top, meant to thread directly onto your antenna, and a water-tight gland for 100-base-T Ethernet on the bottom. Tube2HP has 16/64 MB FLASH/RAM and a male N connector, Tube2HP-F is the same except it has a female N connector. Tube2H has a male N connector and 8/32 FLASH/RAM, which is too small to be recommended for modern OpenWrt implementations, so go with the larger one if you're purchasing new. There is a female 1/4-20 UNC nut in the router body, permitting the router to be mounted to a tripod and to support light antennas. The power output is said to be 500 mw. Power is from POE and the device comes with an injector, but not the two required ethernet cables. This device does not come with an antenna, you'll have to provide your own.

Tube2HP

Getting started

Working with OpenWrt is an advertised feature! There is a uboot web interface which loads a sysupgrade (not factory) image from your browser, and runs it correctly. We don't currently have a working factory image for Tube2HP and Tube2HP-F, so installation requires getting into uboot rather than use of the factory firmware's upgrade page.

Supported Versions

Hardware Highlights

ModelVersionSoCCPU MHzFlash MBRAM MBWLAN HardwareWLAN2.4WLAN5.0100M portsGbit portsModemUSB
Tube2HAtheros AR9331400832Atheros AR9331b/g/n-1---
Tube2HPAtheros AR93314001664Atheros AR9331b/g/n-1---
Tube2HP-FAtheros AR93314001664Atheros AR9331b/g/n-1---

Installation

Install OpenWrt

The u-boot version shipped from the factory includes a tiny recovery web server, which can be used for installation or recovery. It can install sysupgrade, not factory, images. This u-boot version is documented at https://github.com/pepe2k/u-boot_mod

  1. To run the uboot console, connect the device to your ethernet port, and configure your ethernet port to IPV4 address 192.168.1.2 . Run netcat this way:
    nc -u -p 6666 192.168.1.1 6666

    If your version of netcat doesn't like those flags, drop the “-p”.

  2. There is a hole for a reset button next to the ethernet socket. You can access this with a bent paper clip. Something non-conductive would be optimal, as it's easy to pass the reset button and touch components on the device's printed circuit board.
  3. Hold down the reset button while power-clearing the device. Keep holding down reset while you watch the WiFi LEDs flash 10 times, then let go. You should now see the uboot console prompt on the netcat output.
  4. Once running the uboot console, type
    httpd

    into the netcat input, to go into uboot's own little web server.

  5. Open 192.168.1.1 in your browser, and upload an OpenWrt sysupgrade (not factory) image.

Flash Layout

FIXME Find out flash layout, then add the flash layout table here (copy, paste, modify the example).

Please check out the article Flash layout. It contains examples and explanations that describe how to document the flash layout.

OEM easy installation

The Tube2HP and Tube2HP-F did not properly load the manufacturer-provided OEM firmware image from the uboot web interface.

FIXME These are generic instructions. Update with your router's specifics.

LuCI Web Upgrade Process

  • Browse to http://192.168.1.1/cgi-bin/luci/mini/system/upgrade/ LuCI Upgrade URL
  • Upload image file for sysupgrade to LuCI
  • Wait for reboot

Terminal Upgrade Process

If you don't have a GUI (LuCI) available, you can alternatively upgrade via the command line. There are two command line methods for upgrading:

  • sysupgrade
  • mtd

Note: It is important that you put the firmware image into the ramdisk (/tmp) before you start flashing.

sysupgrade

  • Login as root via SSH on 192.168.1.1, then enter the following commands:
cd /tmp
wget http://downloads.openwrt.org/snapshots/trunk/XXX/xxx.abc
sysupgrade /tmp/xxx.abc

mtd

If sysupgrade does not support this router, use mtd.

  • Login as root via SSH on 192.168.1.1, then enter the following commands:
cd /tmp
wget http://downloads.openwrt.org/snapshots/trunk/XXX/xxx.abc
mtd write /tmp/xxx.abc linux && reboot

Debricking

See the instructions for getting into uboot in the installation method.

Failsafe mode

See the instructions for getting into uboot in the installation method.

Basic configuration

Basic configuration After flashing, proceed with this.
Set up your Internet connection, configure wireless, configure USB port, etc.

Specific Configuration

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

Network interfaces

The default network configuration is:

Interface Name Description Default configuration
br-lan EXAMPLE LAN & WiFi EXAMPLE 192.168.1.1/24
vlan0 (eth0.0) EXAMPLE LAN ports (1 to 4) EXAMPLE None
vlan1 (eth0.1) EXAMPLE WAN port EXAMPLE DHCP
wl0 EXAMPLE WiFi EXAMPLE Disabled

Switch Ports (for VLANs)

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

Numbers 0-3 are Ports 1-4 as labeled on the unit, number 4 is the Internet (WAN) on the unit, 5 is the internal connection to the router itself. Don't be fooled: Port 1 on the unit is number 3 when configuring VLANs. vlan0 = eth0.0, vlan1 = eth0.1 and so on.

Port Switch port
Internet (WAN) EXAMPLE 4
LAN 1 EXAMPLE 3
LAN 2 EXAMPLE 2
LAN 3 EXAMPLE 1
LAN 4 EXAMPLE 0

Buttons

hardware.button on howto use and configure the hardware button(s). Here, we merely name the buttons, so we can use them in the above Howto.

FIXME Please fill in real values for this device, then remove the EXAMPLEs

The ALFA Network Tube2HP has the following buttons:

BUTTON Event
EXAMPLE Reset reset
EXAMPLE Secure Easy Setup ses
EXAMPLE No buttons at all. -

Hardware

Info

General
Brand ALFA Network
Model Tube2H
Versions
Device Type WiFi AP
Availability Available 2018
Comments - general Bootlog see https://forum.freifunk.net/t/alfa-tube2h-debrick/14914
OpenWrt Support
Supported Since Revision
Supported Since Release 17.01.0
Supported Current Release 18.06.2
Unsupported
Hardware
Instruction set ¿
Sub Instruction Set ¿
Bootloader U-Boot
Target ar71xx
System-On-Chip
CPU MHz 400
Flash MB 8
RAM MB 32
Network
Ethernet 100M ports 1
Ethernet Gbit ports -
Switch -
Modem -
VLAN ¿
Comments - network ports
Wireless
WLAN 2.4GHz b/g/n
WLAN 5.0GHz -
WLAN Hardware Atheros AR9331
Detachable Antennas -
Comments - WLAN
Interfaces
USB ports -
SATA ports -
Serial Yes
JTAG ¿
Comments - USB & SATA ports
Misc
LED count 6
Button count ¿
Power supply PoE 12-24 VDC
Links
Forum Topic URL
WikiDevi URL
OEM device homepage URL https://www.alfa.com.tw/products_show.php?pc=28&ps=113
Firmware OEM Stock URL
Firmware OpenWrt Install URL http://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/18.06.2/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-18.06.2-ar71xx-generic-tube2h-8M-squashfs-factory.bin
Firmware OpenWrt Upgrade URL http://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/18.06.2/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-18.06.2-ar71xx-generic-tube2h-8M-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
Edit the underlying data View/Edit data
General
Brand ALFA Network
Model Tube2HP
Versions
Device Type WiFi AP
Availability Available 2017
Comments - general 2HP = 2H with double Flash/RAM
OpenWrt Support
Supported Since Revision
Supported Since Release 17.01.0
Supported Current Release 18.06.2
Unsupported
Hardware
Instruction set ¿
Sub Instruction Set ¿
Bootloader U-Boot
Target ar71xx
System-On-Chip
CPU MHz 400
Flash MB 16
RAM MB 64
Network
Ethernet 100M ports 1
Ethernet Gbit ports -
Switch -
Modem -
VLAN ¿
Comments - network ports
Wireless
WLAN 2.4GHz b/g/n
WLAN 5.0GHz -
WLAN Hardware Atheros AR9331
Detachable Antennas 1
Comments - WLAN
Interfaces
USB ports -
SATA ports -
Serial Yes
JTAG ¿
Comments - USB & SATA ports
Misc
LED count 6
Button count 1
Power supply PoE 12-24 VDC
Links
Forum Topic URL
WikiDevi URL
OEM device homepage URL
Firmware OEM Stock URL
Firmware OpenWrt Install URL
Firmware OpenWrt Upgrade URL http://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/18.06.2/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-18.06.2-ar71xx-generic-tube2h-16M-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
Edit the underlying data View/Edit data
General
Brand ALFA Network
Model Tube2HP-F
Versions
Device Type WiFi AP
Availability unknown 2019
Comments - general
OpenWrt Support
Supported Since Revision
Supported Since Release 17.01.1
Supported Current Release 18.06.2
Unsupported
Hardware
Instruction set
Sub Instruction Set
Bootloader U-Boot
Target ar71xx
System-On-Chip
CPU MHz 400
Flash MB 16
RAM MB 64
Network
Ethernet 100M ports 1
Ethernet Gbit ports -
Switch -
Modem -
VLAN No
Comments - network ports
Wireless
WLAN 2.4GHz b/g/n
WLAN 5.0GHz -
WLAN Hardware Atheros AR9331
Detachable Antennas 1
Comments - WLAN
Interfaces
USB ports -
SATA ports -
Serial No
JTAG No
Comments - USB & SATA ports
Misc
LED count 6
Button count 1
Power supply POE
Links
Forum Topic URL
WikiDevi URL
OEM device homepage URL http://¿
Firmware OEM Stock URL http://¿
Firmware OpenWrt Install URL http://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/18.06.2/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-18.06.2-ar71xx-generic-tube2h-16M-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
Firmware OpenWrt Upgrade URL http://downloads.openwrt.org/releases/18.06.2/targets/ar71xx/generic/openwrt-18.06.2-ar71xx-generic-tube2h-16M-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin
Edit the underlying data View/Edit data

Photos

Front:
Insert photo of front of the casing

Back:
Insert photo of back of the casing

Backside label:
Insert photo of backside label

Opening the case

Note: This will void your warranty!

FIXME Describe what needs to be done to open the device, e.g. remove rubber feet, adhesive labels, screws, …

  • To remove the cover and open the device, do a/b/c

Main PCB:
Insert photo of PCB

Serial

port.serial general information about the serial port, serial port cable, etc.

How to connect to the Serial Port of this specific device:
Insert photo of PCB with markings for serial port

FIXME Replace EXAMPLE by real values.

Serial connection parameters
for ALFA Network Tube2HP @@Version@@
EXAMPLE 115200, 8N1

JTAG

port.jtag general information about the JTAG port, JTAG cable, etc.

How to connect to the JTAG Port of this specific device:
Insert photo of PCB with markings for JTAG port

Bootloader mods

Hardware mods

None so far.

Bootlogs

OEM bootlog

COPY HERE THE BOOTLOG WITH THE ORIGINAL FIRMWARE


OpenWrt bootlog

COPY HERE THE BOOTLOG ONCE OPENWRT IS INSTALLED AND RUNNING


Notes

Space for additional notes, links to forum threads or other resources.

Tags

FIXME Add tags below, then remove this fixme.

How to add tags

toh/alfa_network/alfa_network_tube2hp.txt · Last modified: 2018/12/16 01:12 by tmomas